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Plant Bugs (Miridae)

This a big family of small bugs, varying in length from 3 to 8 mm. They do look a lot like the Seed Bugs, but a lot of species are more colourful. Plant Bugs usually have quite long antennae and they lack the ocelli found in Seed Bugs. That is why they are called Blind Bugs in many languages. In Central Europe we find some 300 species, some of which are very hard to identify. It may help if you know the plant species being sucked by the bug, for many similar bugs specialize on one kind of host plant only, allowing you to name the species in spite of the similarity with other species. Almost all Plant Bugs are adult in summer and autumn and the eggs overwinter. Even though a few species do hunt for other small insects, most feed on plants all their life. The adults are found in flowers regularly. A few Plant Bugs are harmful in agriculture, such as the Potato Bug and the Common Green Capsid.


photograph Harpocera thoracica male
Oak Catkin Bug, maleHarpocera thoracica

The male of the Oak Catkin Bug lives for one or two weeks only. more...


photograph Harpocera thoracica female
Oak Catkin Bug, femaleHarpocera thoracica

The female of the Oak Catkin Bug is only seen in May. more...


photograph Liocoris tripustulatus
Common Nettle Bug Liocoris tripustulatus

The Common Nettle Bug is a good example of a beautiful Plant Bug. more...


photograph Orthops basalis
Orthops basalis

Orthops basalis is seen on umbellate plants mainly. more...


Photograph Lygus pratensis
Lygus pratensis

Lygus pratensis is a loving species. The small yellow mark just behind the head is heart shaped. more...


photograph Deraeocoris ruber
Red Spotted Plant Bug Deraeocoris ruber

The Red Spotted Plant Bug comes in two varieties. This is the colourful one. more...


photograph Deraeocoris ruber
Red Spotted Plant Bug Deraeocoris ruber

This is the less colourful variety of the Red Spotted Plant Bug in which the animals are blackish mainly. more...


Photograph of an unidentified Aphid
Two-spotted Plant Bug Stenotus binotatus

The Two-spotted Plant Bug sucks on flowering grasses, including wheat. More...


Photograph of an unidentified Aphid
Macrolophus pygmaeus

Macrolophus pygmaeus is frequently used as a natural destroyer of various whiteflies. More...


photograph Lygocoris pabulinus
Common Green Capsid Lygocoris pabulinus

The Common Green Capsid is much feared in the cultivation of apples and pears. more...


photograph Closterotomus norwegicus
Potato Capsid Closterotomus norwegicus

The Potato Capsid is quite variable, but usually it has two black spots on the neck shield. more...


photograph Orthotylus virescens
Orthotylus virescens

Orthotylus virescens can by identified by its short nose and its foodplant: Broom. more...


Photograph of Stenodema laevigatum
Grass Bug Stenodema laevigatum

The peculiar shape of the Grass Bug makes it stand out among the Plant Bugs. More....


Photograph of Stenodema calcarata
Stenodema calcarata

Stenodema calcarata looks like the previous species a lot, but it has two small spurs at the thigh of the hind leg. More....


Photograph of Pantilius tunicatus
Blushing Plant Bug Pantilius tunicatus

During its life span the Blushing Plant Bug changes its colour from green to almost entirely red. More....


Photograph of Pantilius tunicatus
Blushing Plant Bug Pantilius tunicatus

The nymph of the Blushing Plant Bug is not blushing at all. More....


Photograph of Psallus betuleti
Psallus betuleti

The species within the genus Psallus are hard to tell apart. Psallus betuli is the biggest of them all.More....


foto Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus
Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus

Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus belongs to a large group of similar yellow and black Plant Bugs. more...


Photograph Heterotoma planicornis
Heterotoma planicornis

Quite common in gardens in Western and Central Europe: Heterotoma planicornis. The antennae are quite weird. more...


photograph of Campyloneura virgula
Campyloneura virgula

Photographing Campyloneura virgula is very difficult, for it tends to run a lot and extremely fast. more...


photograph of Plagiognathus arbustorum
Plagiognathus arbustorum

Plagiognathus arbustorum is very variable. Some animals are almost white. more...


Photograph of Dichrooscytus rufipennis
Dichrooscytus rufipennis

Some bugs are best identified by looking at their host plant. Dichrooscytus rufipennis for instance lives on Scots Pine only. more...


Photograph of the Fine Streaked Bugkin
Fine Streaked Bugkin Miris striatus

The Fine Streaked Bugkin is indeed one of the most beautiful Plant Bugs in Britain.more...


Photograph of Dichrooscytus rufipennis
Rhabdomiris striatellus

Rhabdomiris striatellus is common all over Britain, used to be called Calocoris striatellus scientifically, but has no common English name. more...


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This page has last been modified on Sunday, November 04, 2018.
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